Coaxial cable is braidedgrounded strands of wire that can provide some. Different types of adapters are available for bnc connectors, including a tconnector, barrel connector, and terminator. The most common type of connector used with coaxial cables is the bayoneneillconcelman bnc connector see fig. Network devices hub, repeater, bridge, switch, router. This media can support data rate up to a theoretical maximum of 19 kbps.
Personal area network pan a personal area network pan is a computer network used for communication among computer devices, including telephones and personal digital assistants, in proximity to an individuals body. Optical digital audio cable 10 video audio connector types. This tutorial explains the types of network cables used in computer networks in detail. The type of network cable used in any network infrastructure is one of the most vital aspect of networking in various industries. Cat 3, cat 5, fiber optic, utp, and stp coaxial cable coaxial cable.
Learn what type of network cable connector such as rj45, j rj11, usb, mtrj, coaxial bnc, lc local connector, mtrj, usb bnc and aui is used to connect what type of network cable. This can shorten the lifecycle of a cabling system. Types of network topology in computer networks studytonight. Networking overview and planning part i 42 direct communication or peertopeer direct communication or peertopeer figure 3. Web site and mike holt for their knowledge of codes.
Fundamentals of computer networking and internetworking. Cat 3, cat 5, fiber optic, utp, and stp coaxial cable. The devices may or may not belong to the person in question. Apr 05, 2015 network cables are using every where in the networks all over the world. Straight through cable is also known as the patch cable and is an alternative to wireless connections where one or more computers access a router through a wireless signal. The ethernet supports different types of networks or topologies such a bus topology, ring topology, star topology, tree topology, and so on. Even so, an understanding of the different types of ethernet cable and the maximum lengths that should be used is helpful. They are used to directly connect, interconnect the same or different networks within the same and separate compute network for the purpose of information exchange between the multiple users they are widely used with almost all types of the network topologies worldwide. Fig 4c shows a standard cat5e patch panel wall outlet socket which is used to terminate the cables from various points in the school bank to a central point. Networking cables are networking hardware used to connect one network device to other network devices or to connect two or more computers to share printers, scanners etc. A straightthrough cable is a type of utp unshielded twisted pair cable that is used in lan networks to connect the networking devices like computers, hubs, switches, routers, etc.
Notes on types of computer network grade 8 computer. Ethernet introduction standards ethernet data frame structure 100mbps fast ethernet gigabit ethernet, 1ge 10 gigabit ethernet, 10ge ethernet cables how to buy ethernet. These topologies can be used for transferring and receiving data using different types of cables like coax, twisted pair, fiber optic, etc. This tutorial explains network cable connector types and specifications in details. Paul lucas, rcdd, of pauls cabling tolerated my nonstop questions and provided many great stories. Fiber terminations include sc, st, and a variety of proprietary connectors. Widely used lan technology invented at xerox parc palo alto research center in 1970s defined in a standard by xerox, intel and digital dix standard standard now managed by ieee defines formats, voltages, cable lengths. There are two wires insulated from each other, open to free space. Fig 4d shows a wall mounted cabinet used to house and protect patch panel cables and connectors.
A twisted pair means that the cable is designed with two independent insulated wires wrapped around each other. Electrical cables provide connection and allow power stations, wired computer networks, televisions, telephones and other electricitypowered devices to work. A basic peertopeer network can also be set up in which a piece of network equipment can. Special thanks also goes to janice boothe, rcdd and her awesome. Network cabling what are the different types of network cabling. Network cable types and specifications learn the specifications, standards, and features of the coaxial cable, twistedpair cable, and the fiberoptical cable. Each pair of two individual wires are twisted around each other to cancel out emi electromagnetic interference. May 29, 2016 to get the proper functioning of the network, good quality of cable required. Unshielded twisted pair cable utp is the most common type of cable used in networks.
In some instances, overall network capabilities change at a greater pace than originally expected. Cabling and connectors michigan technological university. Utp cables are more prevalent in soho networks while stp is used in more. There are several different types of cables ranging from cables used in construction and the erection of suspended bridges to those that can transmit electricity and other telecommunication signals.
To connect two or more computers or networking devices in a network, network cables are used. Multiple computers connect one ethernet cable is sometimes called a. It is widely used in all forms of data networking from connecting to home wifi hubs to business data networks and telecommunications networking. A man is optimized for a larger geographical area than a lan, ranging from several blocks of buildings to entire cities. Nov 11, 2019 some networking professionals use the term patch cable to refer to any kind of straightthrough network cable used for a temporary purpose. Both cables are a heavyduty construction, can withstand frequent flexing and carry a voltage rating of up to 2 kv. Nowadays, instead of cables wireless media are used as the transmission channel. Different types of network cables, such as coaxial cable, optical fiber cable. The first decade of lan technology development was a period in which corporate computing users were gradually adapting to the new technology and steadily rolling it out within organizations on a department basis. This type cable is usually yellow in color and used in what is called thicknets, and has. Connectors on the cable are the weakest points in any network. Rg59 has lesser shielding and is suitable for short cable lengths and cable tv connections. A personal area network, or pan, is a computer network organized around an individual person within a single building. Cat 5, cat 5e, cat 6, cat 6a, cat7 all have different levels of performance, and therefore to is necessary to buy or select the right cable for the right application.
This cable had a very short lifecycle due to expanding network performance requirements and the capabilities of higher performing category 5 and, eventually. It is the common cable used for network backbones and can support up to stations, carrying signals beyond 25 km. Types of computer networks find notes the easy way. Typically, cabling will be made up of pairs of solid or singlecore wires rather than the more flexible stranded wire often used in patch cables. Types of wireless networks are defined on the bases of their size that is the number of machines, their range and the speed of data transfer. There are several types of cable which are commonly used with lans. High speed ethernet cabling there is a variety of types of. Cable choice is a major factor in determining both sonic character and the ultimate capabilities of any modem audio system. An electrical cable, or power cable, is used to transmit electrical power.
The different types of computer networks are as follows. Cabling florida center for instructional technology. Cables are inserted into the plug and a special tool is used to make the connection between the plugpins and the cabling do not try to do this with a screwdriver or pair of pliers. Notes on cables galen carol audio galen carol audio. Data networking is like telephone calls we will devise and offer various data services charges will depend on distance and duration you only need 128 kbps d the early computer vendor answer a network connects computers in your organization we will devise all the necessary equipment and software. In local area network, the cables are used as the transmission channel. The following sections discuss the types of cables used in networks and other related. Something else to note about these cables is that they are defined in. More commonly cat 3 is used on a networks for cable segments to. Local area network lan lan is a small network of computers within a small area like room, buildings, and campus. Pointtopoint a pointtopoint connection provides a dedicated link between two devices. A man might be owned and operated by a single organization, but it usually will be used by many individuals and organizations. It is not advisable to mix the standards on the same network as it may lead to. Twisted pair cabling is a type of wiring in which two.
There are many types of electrical cables that differ in configuration, size and performance. The simplest transmission media is a twowire transmission line. Wireless networks types of wireless networks wifi notes. Mine power cables are generally designed to be used as flexible feeder cables for circuits between the main power source and mine load centers or as equipment trailing cables. The following analysis compares the total cost of ownership for a 24 channel cabling system ranging from category 5e through category 7class f. This type of media is suitable for connecting equipments that are separated less than 50 meters. Most pointtopoint connections use an actual length of wire or cable to connect the two ends, but other options, such. The entire capacity of the link is reserved for transmission between those two devices.
Coaxial cable consist of a solid copper core surrounded by an insulator mainly made up of poly vinyl chloride pvc or teflon coaxial cables are less prone to interference both internal and external. Initial installation cost include the cost of components, installation and testing. Apr 01, 2018 there are various types of cables used in networks as follows. Fiber optic cables are not susceptible to interference, such as radio waves, fluorescent lighting, or any other source of electrical noise. If you ve ever wanted to learn how to maintain your network, youre going to want to learn the basic types of cables you will run into along the way. The ethernet standard has been used for many years, being steadily updated to. The most widely used types of coaxial cables are rg59 and rg6 rg stands for radio guide. Types of cables used in networking snabay networking. Used in 16 mbps token ring otherwise not used much cat 4 20 mbps cat 3 16 mbps voice and data on 10basetethernet mainly used in the ibm cabling system for token ring networks cat 2 4 mbps analog voice pots integrated services digital network basic rate interface in isdn doorbell wiring cat 1 up to 1 mbps 1 mhz. Principles, protocols and practice, release techniques allow to create pointtopoint links while radiobased techniques, depending on the directionality of the antennas, can be used to build networks containing devices spread over a small geographical area. It typically consists of 4 pairs of 2 wires 8 separate wires total, all within one casing. A lan is used to connect the computers and other network devices so that the devices can communicate with each other to share the. Introduction to network cables and network cable types.
This is image to elaborate basic visual functionality of wireless networks. These cables share the same physical characteristics as other types of network cables except that patch cables tend to be a shorter length. Utp unshielded twisted pair utp is by far the most used networking cable. Fig 4b shows a standard cat5e wall outlet socket which the cables are connected to. The types of cables basically decided based on the voltage level for which it is manufactured and material used for the insulation such as paper,cotton,rubber etc. Learn the specifications, standards, and features of the. Some networking professionals use the term patch cable to refer to any kind of straightthrough network cable used for a temporary purpose. Network cable types and specifications computernetworkingnotes. A bad data cabling completely disturbs your communication network and slow down your business workflow. Types of networks lan local area network a local area network is a privately owned computer network covering a small networks geographical area, like a home, office, or groups of buildings e. Unshielded twisted pair utp cable shielded twisted pair stp cable coaxial cable fiber optic cable twisted pair cables. The most commonly used cable for 1gbps ethernet is the category 5 cat5 cable with an rj45 connector.
Mine power feeder mpf cables typically have voltage ratings of 5, 8, 15 or 25 kv and are available with or without a ground check conductor. Coax, twisted pair, and fiber optic types of patch cables exist. Male plugs female jacks these words are interchangeable. For lowvoltage applications, there are a number of portable cables used by the mining industry.246 629 147 814 724 768 1555 1124 272 1376 1528 75 386 1431 172 208 1486 729 1099 1021 624 1072 1488 470 394 584 1170 463 703 779 200 666 1111 937 354 523 1271 1058