Aug 16, 2014 the 802 kilometres 498 mi kaveri river has 44,000 km2 basin area in tamil nadu and 32,000 km2 basin area in karnataka. Sep 06, 2016 cauvery river water dispute dates back to 1892 when an agreement was filed between mysore and madras presidency for the conciliation of the issue. The new bilateral treaty proposes to expand this agreement on the equal allocation of the teesta river water resources. Hence, the state governments dominate the allocation of river waters. Utilization of ravibeas waters between punjab, rajasthan, jammu and kashmir, settled in 1965. In 1990, the sc heard the petitions by the two states and asked them to complete. Kaveri river flows in south karnataka and then to tamil nadu.
Cauvery river water dispute written by ajay pal singh chabba, 16112012. The 802 kilometres 498 mi kaveri river has 44,000 km2 basin area in tamil nadu and 32,000 km2 basin area in karnataka. Almost all the major rivers of the country are interstate rivers and their waters are shared by two or more than two states. This theory stresses that each basin state should be entitled to a reasonable and equitable share in the beneficial uses of water of a river basin. Cauvery river water dispute heavy flood in karnataka kaveri. With a growing population of 7 billion people, disputes over potable water sources common especially in regions where water is scarce. The cauvery dispute between karnataka and tamil naduread more. However at the national as well as international level, river water disputes are being created because of continuously increasing demand for water, its. Be it enacted by parliament in the seventh year of the. The sharing of waters of the kaveri river has been the source of a serious conflict between the two states of tamil nadu and karnataka. When any request under section 3 is received from any state government in respect of any water dispute and the central government is of opinion that the water dispute cannot be settled by negotiations, the central government shall, within a period not exceeding one year from the date of receipt of such request, by notification in the official gazette, constitute a water disputes tribunal for.
The recent cases of the cauvery water dispute and the satluj yamuna link canal case are examples. Study of cauvery river water pollution and its impact on socioeconomic status around krs dam, karnataka, india s. There are only two options available, either to have the npov tag in this article, or change the title to kaveri river water dispute karnataka point of view. Cauvery river water dispute pdf download for upsc mains exam. The cauvery river water dispute, primarily between tamil nadu and karnataka, dates back to the 19th century. Full text of supreme court verdict on cauvery water dispute. Interstate river water disputes in india your article library. Regulation and development of water under the control of the union is declared by parliament by law to be expedient in the public interest. The genesis of this conflict rests in two agreements in 1892 and 1924 between the madras presidency and kingdom of mysore. Here karnataka and andhra pradesh are the lower riparian states on the river krishna, and maharashtra is the upper riparian state. Interstate water disputes have only increased in the recent times. Global irrigated area in 1995 was 253 million ha, and by 2025 it is expected to grow to 330 million ha. The principal tributaries joining krishna are the ghataprabha, the malaprabha, the bhima, the tungabhadra and the musi.
The interstate river water disputes act, 1956 irwd act is an act of the parliament of india enacted under article 262 of constitution of india on the eve of reorganization of states on linguistic basis to resolve the water disputes that would arise in the use, control and distribution of an interstate river or river valley. Download full document in pdf kaveri river dispute andeconomicsof water andpolicy zulfiqar sheth is a doctoral fellow at department of economics, aligarh muslim university. The live storage capacity available in the river basin is nearly 310 tmc which is 40. Kaveri water dispute water economics and challenges to. Overall, the analysis of the political ecology of interstate water disputes. It examines the legal approaches through which river water disputes have been tackled and suggests concrete steps to deal with such disputes in future. Sharing of subarnarekha river water among bihar, orissa and west bengal, settled in 1964. If the author tries to put all onsided view, concealed as neutral views, it is unacceptable and unethical, against the values for which wikipedia stands for. Study of cauvery river water pollution and its impact on. Increasing water shortage has made south asia a waterstressed region.
Feb 16, 2018 indias top court may have finally ended a centurieslong, and at times bloody, dispute over the allocation of water from a river to states in south india. It originates at talacauvery in kodagu district in karnataka. Introduction the sharing of river waters across political boundaries is a matter. Palar water dispute between tamil nadu and karnataka, settled in 1956. The water conflict issue between states of karnataka, tamil nadu, kerala and pondicherry is due to the river cauvery, which is regarded as one of the best regulated rivers of india. River water interestsdisputes with indias neighbours as. As per the interstate river water disputes act, 1956 isrwd act, 1956 when the water dispute arises among two or more state governments, the central government receives a request under section 3 of the act from any of the basis states with regard to existence of water dispute. Ganga water dispute is connected with the kolkata port. Moreover, the recent dispute between the two countries over the baglihar power plant presents, as will be discussed below, a major challenge. Paula hanasz, australian national university, australia.
Cauvery water dispute started during british rule in india and still continues to haunt the nation. The interstate river water disputes act, 1956 33 of 19561 as modified up to 28th march 2002 28th august 1956 an act to provide for the adjudication of disputes relating to waters of interstate rivers and river valleys. Article 262 of the indian constitution provides a role for the. The interstate river water disputes act, 1956 irwd act is an act of the parliament of india enacted under article 262 of constitution of india on the eve of.
The interstate river water sharing disputes are settled with the publication of decisions of respective tribunal. What are the major interstate water disputes in the country. After independence, demand for water had been increasing at an accelerated rate due to rapid. A case study in surface water conflict resolution m. Almost 90 percent of the flow is utilised for the irrigation of one million hectares of. The inter state water disputes act, 1956 indian kanoon. The common tribunal was headed by sri rs bachawat as its chairman with sri dm bhandari and sri dm sen as its members. Case study krishna river water sharing dispute inter. The longstanding cauvery river water dispute between tamil nadu and karnataka continues to be contentious and has recently led to violent outbursts in both states. In both india and the us, the majority of rivers are interstate and the states retain substantial legal power over water resources. Theory of equitable utilization of interstate river waters.
T he dispute between karnataka and tamil nadu over sharing kaveri cauvery waters is. The interstate river water disputes amendment bill, 2019 was introduced in lok sabha on july 25, 2019 by the minister of jal shakti, mr. The cauvery river water disputes in india the cauvery river water disputes are among the longestrunning interstate river water disputes in india. Be it enacted by parliament in the seventh year of the republic of india as follows. Jagadish 4f 5 abstract it is important to make an assessment of quality for the best use of water. The political geographies of interstate water disputes in india. There is no solution of cauvery water dispute in sight and the engineerdominated cauvery management board that the cauvery water dispute tribunal award has recommended is unlikely to. Interstate river water disputes in inida authorstream.
In 1986, a farmers association from tanjavur, tamil nadu moved the supreme court sc and demanded that a tribunal be formed for the adjudication for the cauvery water dispute. This blog post is compiled towards the credit requirement for hs4350 contemporary issues and development course, at iit madras. In the past, agreements were signed between the disputing states, the tribunal delivered its verdict, and the supreme court of india made a number of interventions on the cauvery issue. State of the world 2005 program in water conflict management.
With the development of economy the need for better utilization of natural water resources through dams for. Government of india constituted a common tribunal on 10 april 1969 to adjudicate the river water utilization disputes among the river basin states of krishna and godavari rivers under the provisions of interstate river water disputes act 1956. It drops into the hogenakkal falls just before it arrives in the town of hogenakkal in tamil nadu. In 1983, an adhoc water sharing agreement was reached between india and bangladesh, whereby both countries were allocated 39 percent and 36 percent of the water flow respectively8. A chronology of the riparian wrangle, compiled by t arvind. The water used in the cauvery delta in tamil nadu and puducherry is nearly 280 tmc which is the tail end water use in the river basin and its regenerated water either goes to sea or outside the cauvery basin. An act to provide for the adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter state rivers and river valleys. Without the water no one can alive on the earth surface. Krishnagodavari water dispute the krishnagodavari water dispute among maharashtra, karnataka, andhra pradesh ap, madhya pradesh mp, and orissa could not be resolved through negotiations. The river dispute has attracted some of the most extreme protests and dharnas. The interstate river water disputes amendment bill, 2019.
The interstate river water disputes are one of the most contiguous issues in the indian federalism today. Impacts on egypt water resources management and road map research pdf available august 2015 with 11,304 reads how we measure reads. The gangesbrahmaputrameghna megabasin is the second largest hydraulic region in the world, and one of the most densely populated regions. In extreme cases, it may hamper the relationship between the different states. Interstate water disputes among the riparian states. Sage reference the complete guide for your research journey. Karnataka contends that it does not receive its due share of water.
Krishna river is third longest river in india after ganges and godavari rivers. The sharing of waters of the river kaveri has been the source of a serious conflict between the indian states of karnataka and tamil nadu. The 802 kilometres 498 mi kaveri river has 44,000 km 2 basin area in tamil nadu and 32,000 km 2 basin area in karnataka. In fact, the river is called jeevanadhi which, in kannada, means a river supporting life. Cauvery water dispute tribunalcwdt heard appeals, arguments.
As per the information shared by the government, there are 8 major interstate water disputes in the country. In india the water resources are the most important resources which serve around 67% of the total population through irrigation for the purpose of farming. Indian rivers are worshiped as a mother, because she cares the humanity and makes the ways easy for the people and living organism. Today, water is considered as the heart of an economy of any country and all economic activities depend on it. Kaveri river main channel water comes after 8 monthsin hulikere tunnel please like share and subsc duration. However, sc responded that it can order the centre to create a tribunal which it is supposed to do so under the art. Karnataka contends that it does not receive its due share of water from the. The cumulative bitterness and misunderstandings between the people of the two states hide the common needs of farmers and the environment on both sides of the border. Sep 23, 2016 download full document in pdf kaveri river dispute andeconomicsof water andpolicy zulfiqar sheth is a doctoral fellow at department of economics, aligarh muslim university. Water, irrigation and canal, water development and storage is a state subject, but qualified by entry 56 in the union list entry 56 in the union list. This book offers a balanced survey of the history of interstate river water disputes in india. A new breed of claims, claimants, and settlement institutions 3 iwra, water international, volume 31, number 1, march 2006 basin. Most rivers of india are plagued with interstate disputes.
The longawaited judgment was pronounced by a bench comprising chief justice dipak misra and justices amitava roy and a m khanwilkar, which had on september 20 last year reserved the verdict on the appeals filed by karnataka, tamil nadu and kerala against the 2007 award of the tribunal. Whenever a water source such as a lake, a river, or an underground aquifer crosses national borders, rightful ownership is often contested. Interstate river water disputes emerge and recur frequently. Nov 04, 2015 1 water disputes in south asia water issue is gradually becoming the prime focus between the interstate relations. Kaveri river at thiruchirapalli the river enters tamil nadu through dharmapuri district leading to the flat plains where it meanders. Exploitation of mahi river water between gujarat and rajasthan, settled in 1966. The next two questions are answered using all the 20 case laws related to the cauvery river water dispute between the states of karnataka and tamil nadu, in india.
Nov 24, 20 as per the interstate river water disputes act, 1956 isrwd act, 1956 when the water dispute arises among two or more state governments, the central government receives a request under section 3 of the act from any of the basis states with regard to existence of water dispute. With river water being an important source of irrigation in various states, interstate river water disputes have only increased. The case of cauvery river from peninsular india contents abbreviation and acronyms preface about the authors introduction and geohydrological context 09 description of the dispute 11 historical context of the conflict 11 constitutional, legal and international context 12 political context. The cauvery water sharing dispute has been a bone of contention between karnataka and tamil nadu since the time of the british raj. Section 5, of the interstate water disputes act, 1956 act 33 of 1956, the central government hereby refers to the auvery c water disputes tribunal for adjudication, the water disputes regarding the interstate river cauvery, and the river valley thereof, emerging from letter no. Khorbotly department of civil and environmental engineering, american university of beirut, bliss st. Sage business cases real world cases at your fingertips. Cauvery river water dispute written by ajay pal singh chabba, 16112012 the water conflict issue between states of karnataka, tamil nadu, kerala and pondicherry is due to the river cauvery, which is regarded as one of the best regulated rivers of india. Since rivers cross state boundaries, disputes are inevitable in this institutional setting.
In this episode of vishesh we talk about the history, reasons and legalities of this age old. Be it enacted by parliament in the seventh year of. As a result, the cauvery water dispute tribunal was finally formed in 1990. Oct 06, 20 the following article is a case study on cauvery river water sharing dispute between two states of india, namely karnataka and tamil nadu.
Buy interstate river water disputes in india book online at. Sage video bringing teaching, learning and research to life. Water use in the world by sector of economic activity. Case study cauvery river water sharing dispute inter. Various interstate water disputes tribunals have been constituted so far, but it had its own problems. The disagreements over the water sharing pact has been at the centre of dispute.
With the growing population, industrial, agricultural and domestic uses, glaciers are melting, and environment is degrading, resultantly, the rivers are. Their adjudication involves long delays, characterized by adversarial litigations. The interstate river water disputes act, 1956 ministry of water. Cauvery water dispute between the tamil nadu and karnataka is almost 124 years old.
Dispute settling mechanism entry 17 in the state list. Government of india goi constituted a common tribunal on 10 april 1969 to adjudicate the river water utilization disputes among the river basin states of godavari and krishna rivers under the provisions of interstate river water disputes act 1956. Issue the interstate river water disputes amendment bill, 2017 archives p. The future of transboundary water disputes over the worlds longest river jack di nunzio research assistant colonial agreements. Sage books the ultimate social sciences digital library. The dispute however, appears not to have concluded, as all four. The act provides for the adjudication of disputes relating to waters of interstate rivers and river valleys. The supreme court will today deliver the judgment on the dispute over 120yearold cauvery river water sharing. The flow of water of river ganga from the steep slope of himalayas is very fast and within the boundaries of uttar pradesh and bihar, many companion rivers merge into it. Nearly all of the river s water is generated on an area covering 20% of the basin, while the remainder is arid or semiarid. The following article is a case study on cauvery river water sharing dispute between two states of india, namely karnataka and tamil nadu.1237 774 34 54 772 797 259 822 924 1070 1181 768 216 135 124 1517 1535 1325 176 597 349 144 20 216 509 552 1302 321 517 993 1333 882 1453 1433